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LISTA DAS CIDADES SANTUÁRIO NOS EUA CONTINUA CRESCENDO

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March 13, 2009, 12:00 am
Imigração
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LISTA DAS CIDADES SANTU?RIO NOS EUA CONTINUA CRESCENDO
­Nós, como uma nação, desde a guerra civil jamais estivemos tão divididos. Qualquer discussão sobre os 12 milhões de estrangeiros ilegais nos EUA rapidamente se torna em argumento com ambos os lados acreditando na sua causa quse que fanaticamente. O governo federal falhou em tomar responsabilidade na questão da imigração; cada estado tem decidido resolver a matéria da imigração da sua própria maneira, conduzindo a um cenário regulado por cidades e estados em prol ou anti imigrantes.

Mais recentemente cidades e estados têm aventurado seus lados ao providenciar algum Santuário aos estrangeiros em situação ilegal vivendo em suas comunidades. Essas cidades têm sido chamadas “Sanctuary Cities” (“Cidades Santuário”).

Uma Cidade Santuário protege estrangeiros ilegais através de decisões locais, atos executivos ou regulamentos de prefeituras. Os departamentos policiais das cidades podem também emitir seus próprios regulamentos especiais, princípios e ordens em geral para efeitos similares. Algumas cidades possuem regulamentos oficiais para Santuário. Outras possuem regulamentos informais para asilos que não existem documentados mas apesar disso são efetivados ­por atos dos trabalhadores do governo (administração, serviço ou segurança).


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Recentemente, dois congressistas apresentaram legislação intencionada a desafiar a tendência crescente de cidades Santuário que providenciam abrigo salvo de penalidades ou detenção aos imigrantes ilegais. O Projeto de Lei H.R. 3531, o Ato Legislativo de 2007 sobre a Responsabilidade em Executar as Leis da Imigração foi apresentado com os co-patrocinadores originais, os representantes Thelma Drake (VA-02), Jeff Miller (FL-01) e Tom Tancredo (CO-06). Se passar, essa lei iria dentre outras questões: esclarecer que a lei estadual de execução possui autoridade existente para investigar, identificar, apreender, deter, e/ou transferir para as autoridades federais qualquer imigrante ilegal apreendido durante o curso de seus deveres de rotina; revogar 25 por cento do fundo de não-emergência da Segurança Interna dentro de seus meses da aprovação da Lei para as cidades Santuário; e dá autoridade à Secretaria para revogar um total de 50 por cento dentro de sua própria decisão e considerar a imigração ilegal um crime doloso. É improvável que tal lei passaria em assembléia constitucional.


Ao mesmo tempo e ao fim do dia no mesmo estado (Califórnia) líderes religiosos locais uniram-se em campanha nacional para oferecer Santuário aos imigrantes ilegais que tenham sido mandados a deixar o país. 
 
 O New Sanctuary Movement (Novo Movimento para Santuário) é uma campanha nacional inspirada por um esforço religioso para Santuário nos anos de 1980 no qual grupos religiosos davam abrigo aos imigrantes ilegais e aos refugiados da América Central.

 

Como parte da campanha para influenciar o debate da reforma da imigração no Congresso, outras congregações realizaram cerimonias semelhantes em Los Angeles, Seattle, Chicago e New York. Entrevistadas por igrejas, Autoridades da Imigração disseram que se uniriam ao movimento para Santuários, não disseram se colocariam alvo em Santuários religiosos mas disseram que executariam as leis da imigração.

Ao mesmo tempo a lista de Cidades Santuário continua crescendo. A Califórnia possui a maior lista de Cidades Santuário nos Estados Unidos.

Ao tempo da redação deste artigo as seguintes cidades são consideradas Cidades Santuário ( updated 1-25-09)

State/City

  • Alaska

  • Anchorage        (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
  • * (The city of Fairbanks is under review for removal from the Sanctuary Cities list due to the city council's passage of a resolution supporting a formal recognition of its cooperation with the Department of Homeland Security's Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency.  The city of Fairbanks had previously been listed due its designation as a sanctuary city by the Congressional Research Service. The city has disputed its listing.  The City's resolution and a final decision will be posted soon. Fairbanks will likely be removed from the list and then its enforcement statistics will be monitored for compliance.  OJJPAC thanks the City of Fairbanks for taking positive steps to clarify its compliance with federal law.

    Arizona

  • Chandler, AZ   (Added 5/30/07, Congressional Research Service Report, 2006 )

  • Mesa, AZ        (Added 10-18-09, Sources: Judicial Watch; East Valley Tribune article,1-4-2008)*

  • Phoenix, AZ
  • Tucson, CA     (Added 11-12-07, Source: 11-11-07 story by Brady McCombs, Arizona Daily Star. See note below.)

    California

  • Bell Gardens, CA
  • City of Industry, CA
  • City of Commerce, CA
  • Cypress, CA
  • Davis CA
  • Downey, CA
  • Fresno, CA            (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Lakewood, CA 
  • Los Angeles, CA   (Congressional Research Service)
  • Long Beach, CA
  • Lynwood, CA
  • Maywood, CA
  • Montebello, CA
  • National City, CA
  • Norwalk, CA
  • Oakland, CA                 (Added 8-27-07. Source: 4/25/07 story by KCBS 740 AM. Link here.)
  • Paramount, CA
  • Pico Rivera, CA
  • So. Gate, CA
  • San Bernardino, Ca.      (Added 6/7/07, reader submitted / 9/5/08 Listing disputed by the city administration* See addl.notes)
  • San Diego, CA              (Congressional Research Service)
  • Santa Cruz, CA             (Added 5/30/07, documented by KSBW news)
  • San Francisco, CA        (Congressional Research Service)
  • San Jose, CA                (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Santa Maria, CA           (11-18-08 Submitted research from local activist/ Listing disputed by the city administration)
  • Sonoma County, CA    (Congressional Research Service)
  • Vernon, CA
  • Watsonville, CA         (Added 5/30/07, documented by KSBW news)
  • Wilmington, CA
Colorado
  •  Aurora, CO
  •  Commerce City, CO
  •  Denver, CO                     (Congressional Research Service)
  •  Durango, CO                   (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
  •  Federal Heights, CO
  •  Fort Collins, CO
  •  Lafayette, CO                 (Added 6/3/07, documented by reader)
  •  Thornton, CO
  •  Westminster, CO

Connecticut

  • New Haven, CT                (Added 6/4/07.  TV News 8: City council votes 25-1 to issue ID cards to illegal aliens)

Florida

  • DeLeon Springs, FL

  • Deltona, Fl 

  • Miami, FL
Georgia
  • Dalton, GA        (Added 5/30/07.6/18/07 Listing disputed as inaccurate by the City of Dalton, GA. Currently being researched. )

    Illinois

  • Chicago, IL        (Congressional Research Service)
  • Cicero, IL          (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Evanston, IL       (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)

    Kansas

  • Wichita                (Source: Police department policy exposed after the death of Lola Jayne, KSN TV-3, 12-19-08)

    Massachusetts

  • Cambridge, Mass.  (Source: Boston Globe. First passed resolution in 1985)
  • Chelsea, Mass.      (Added: 8-14-07 Source: Chelsea government website with text of sanctuary policy.)
  • Orleans, Mass.      (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Springfield             (Disputed)

    Maine

  • Portland    (Added 5/31/07 Note: Maine resident reported that Portland city council passed sanctuary legislation)
  • State of Maine   (Added 5/31/07 Note: Governor of Maine initiated de facto protections for illegals by Executive Order in 2004)*

    Maryland

  • Baltimore, MD               (Congressional Research Service)     
  • Gaithersburg, MD
  • Mt. Rainier, MD        (Added 1-20-08, Source: The Washington D.C. Examiner, 1-19-08)
  • Takoma Park, MD      (Reported that City ordinance passed some 20 years ago; Congressional Research Service)

    Michigan

  • Ann Arbor, MI      (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)       

  • Detroit, MI            (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)

    Minnesota

  • Minneapolis, MN    (Congressional Research Service)
  • St. Paul, MN
  • Worthington, MN      (Added 5-30-07 Note: This is where a Swift plant was raided by ICE in December, 2006)

    Nevada

  • Reno                        (Added 5-31-07; 2-18-08 Disputed.City claims it is not a sanctuary city; OJJPAC has requested a copy of city policies.) 

    New Jersey

  • Camden, NJ                (Added in 2007; latest source: Camden, Immigrant Haven?, By Lauren Feeney, City Paper, 7-16-08)
  • Fort Lee, NJ
  • Hightstown, NJ           (Added 5-30-07)
  • Jersey City, NJ
  • Newark, NJ                (Added 6-3-07)
  • North Bergen, NJ
  • Trenton, NJ
  • Union City, NJ
  • West New York, NJ

    New Mexico

  • Albuquerque, NM            (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service; 8-14-07 KOB-TV 4 Eyewitness News report)

  • Rio Ariba County, NM    (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)

  • Santa Fe, NM                 (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)

    New York

  • Bay Shore, NY
  • Brentwood, NY
  • Central Islip, NY
  • Farmingville, NY
  • New York City, NY
  • Riverhead, NY
  • Shirly/Mastic, NY
  • Spring Valley Village, NY  (Added 7-25-07)
  • Uniondale, NY
  • Westbury, NY

    North Carolina

  • Carrboro, NC               (Added 11-12-07 Source: Towns differ on illegal aliens by Patrick Winn, The News & Observer)

  • Chapel Hill, NC            (Added 11-12-07 Source: Towns differ on illegal aliens by Patrick Winn, The News & Observer)

  • Charlotte, NC
  • Chatham County, NC    (Added 1-14-09 Source: Chatham rejects immigration program, The News & Observer)
  • Durham, NC                 (6/13/07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Raleigh
  • Winston-Salem

    Ohio

  • Columbus, OH        (7/5/07 Source: 5/10/07 Columbus Dispatch article stating illegal aliens in misdemeanor cases are not reported to ICE) 

  • Lima, OH                    (Added 10-28-08 Note:  City administration opposes County Sheriff's efforts to remove illegal aliens.) 

  • Oberlin, OH           (Added 1-25-09. Source: City Resolution adopted January 20, 2009)

  • Painesville, OH        (7-19-07 Source: 7-18-07 Cleveland Scene article) 

Oklahoma

  • Oklahoma City(de facto)  

  • Tulsa                        (6-3-07 Note: Tulsa city council is discussing changing its sanctuary policy.)                

    Oregon

  • State of Oregon *(8-9-07 Congressional Research Service)  *(See note below)

  • Ashland, OR               (8-9-07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Gaston, OR                (8-9-07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Marion County, OR    (8-9-07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Portland, OR

    Texas

  • Austin, TX                (Congressional Research Service)
  • Baytown, TX            (6-13-07 Local reader observation)
  • Brownsville, TX
  • Channelview, TX      (6-13-07 Local reader observation)
  • Denton, TX
  • Dallas, TX
  • El Cenizo, TX          (6-13-07 Congressional Research Service)
  • Ft.Worth, TX
  • Houston, TX            (Congressional Research Service)
  • Katy, TX                 (Congressional Research Service)
  • Laredo, TX
  • Mcallen, TX
  • Port Arthur, TX          (6-13-07 Reader/resident observation)

    Utah

  • Provo, UT
  • Salt Lake City, UT

    Virginia

  • Alexandria, VA*            (Added 10-6-08,  Source: City Resolution No. 2246 adopted 10-9-07)

  • Fairfax County, VA
  • Virginia Beach, VA         (Added 6/3/07)

    Washington

  • Seattle, WA                      (Added 5/30/07; Congressional Research Service)
  • Wisconsin

  • Madison, WI                    (Congressional Research Service)

    Wyoming

  • Jackson Hole, WY

Washington, D.C.

 

Cities under review

 Diamond Bar, CA   (6/26/07 Disputed by city. Currently being researched to verify.)

DesMoines, IA  (Added 11-28-07 Source: Proposal seeks banning immigration raids in D.M., by Nigel Duara, DesMoines-Register)

Bridgeton, NJ            (Added 6-3-07) [7-27-07 Disputed by a reputed farm worker advocate, see note below.] 

Peekskill, NY      [Disputed, being researched]

San Antonio, TX  [Note: The Sanctuary status of San Antonio is disputed, being researched.]

Watch List Cities Note: This is a new list started 8-14-07 and was updated on 10-22-08.

  • Santa Maria, CA      (Source: 10-22-08 Reader/Activist)
  • Jupiter, FL                (Source: 4-10-08 Former police officer claims that he was told not to report illegals to ICE)
  • Lexington, KY           (Source: 11-12-07 Submitted by local resident who claims it is a sanctuary city)            
  • Worcester, MASS    (Source: 8-14-07 Worcester Telegram)
  • Lakewood, NJ           (Source:9-10-08  Local residents)
  • Clark County, OH    (Source: 1-27-08 Springfield-News-Sun)
  • Lima, OH                  (Source: 3-2-08 Law enforcement)
  • Middletown, OH       (Source: 1-30-08 Middletown News-Journal)
  • Springfield, OH         (Source: 1-27-08 Springfield-News-Sun)
  • Clark County, OH   (Source: 9-29-08 Springfield-News-Sun Editorial (Sheriff Kelly not interested in removing illegal aliens)
  • Gallatin, TN               (Source: 9-26-08 Reader)
  • Portland, TN              (Source: 9-26-08 Reader)
  • Hendersonville, TN   (Source: 9-26-08 Reader)
  • Whitehouse, TN        (Source: 9-26-08 Reader)
  • Sanctuary Cities, USA: Additional Notes

    Mesa, Arizona

    Mesa Arizona has been added as a sanctuary city list because of its reported "don't ask don't tell policy" and criticism by the local sheriff that the city is not enforcing the law.  The sheriff has arrested illegal aliens working in city buildings (as contract workers for a private cleaning company), reportedly after the city police department refused to investigate complaints of illegal hires by a whistleblower.   

    Tucson, Arizona

    Tucson Arizona has been added to the sanctuary city list because the Tucson police have instituted a new policy which prevents their officers from calling Immigration and Customs Enforcement to schools and churches. 

    State of Oregon

    According to a CRS report (October, 2005), Oregon passed a law in 1987 that prohibits local and state law enforcement from using state resources for locating and capturing illegal aliens.Law enforcement was permitted [but not required] to "exchange information" with federal immigration agents if an illegal alien was arrested for a crime.

    San Bernardino, CA.

    San Bernardino was added to the list on June 6th of 2007 as a result of a readers submission.  On September 5th 2008, the city administration contacted me to dispute its listing.  OJJPAC has asked the city's law department to forward copies of the city's policies regarding its processes when illegal aliens are encountered in its city.

 Bridgeton, NJ7-27-07 Disputed by a reputed farm worker advocate who sent me this email:

"I just wanted to point out an inaccuracy on your website's listing of sanctuary cities.  You have Bridgeton, NJ listed as a sanctuary city, and indeed it is most definitely not.  I work with CATA - The Farm workers' Support committee (www.cata-farmworkers.org) and we have an organized group of membership in this town.  One of our goals is working towards making Bridgeton an sanctuary city, but the local government is quite unfriendly towards the immigrant population, and the mayor has even hinted at wanting to implement a Hazleton type of ordinance (luckily, given yesterday's legal decision, that won't be happening)."

Columbus, OH

    The Columbus Dispatch [Ohio] wrote:

    "The police didn't contact immigration authorities concerning those who were determined to be undocumented, Booth said. Authorities say that's typical when it comes to misdemeanor charges."  [Columbus, Ohio]

    Painesville, OH

    Cleveland Scene (7-18-07) quotes the Painesville Police Chief Gary Smith:

    ***He [Police Chief Gary Smith] has no qualms about laying out his indifference in plain English: "We don't care what your [immigration] status is." ***

    Oklahoma City, OK

    One reader wrote about Oklahoma City:

    Oklahoma City is a sanctuary city de facto.  Police officers have been told not to stop any Hispanic for minor traffic violations, because they have a good chance of being illegal and it is a waste of time.  The City has not been enforcing City Code if the recipient of the code violation doesn't speak English.  And is not attempting to enforce the single-family dwelling laws.

    State of Maine 

    Governor John E. Baldacci issued  executive order 13 FY 04/05 which was issued on April 9, 2004.  The order is entitled  “An Order Concerning Access to State Services by All Entitled Maine Residents.”  The order prohibits state workers from inquiring about the immigration status of anyone applying for services. 

    Alexandria, VA

    Resolution No. 2246, adopted October 9, 2007 states in part:  "...the City and its various agencies will neither make inquirers about nor report on the citizenship of those who seek the protection of its laws or the use of its services."   Evidently in Alexandria, illegal alien are safe from Immigration and Customs Enforcement until they commit a "serious" crime.  So what crimes can illegals commit with impunity from the federal government? Theft? Rape? Drug dealing? Gang activity?  OJJPAC's belief is that the City's Resolution conflict's with its responsibility under federal law.

    Research Resources (incomplete listing)

  • Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
  • CRS Report for Congress, Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement, Updated August 14, 2006




Por favor deixe-nos saber se alguma da lista acima está incorreta, ou se você está ciente de outros locais que deveriam ser listados. Muito Obrigado!
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Author: Moises Apsan
Attorney with over 35 years of experience. Past president Federal Bar Association NJ Chapter (1997-2002). Offices in New York, NY, Newark, NJ. Tel: 888-460-1800 http://www.apsanlaw.com and www.drmoises.com
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LISTA DAS CIDADES SANTUÁRIO NOS EUA CONTINUA CRESCENDO
LISTA DAS CIDADES SANTUÁRIO NOS EUA CONTINUA CRESCENDO
Source: Moises Apsan
Friday 13 March 2009
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